Author Archives: queennefertiti

About queennefertiti

A full time daydreamer.

L’Arc~en~Ciel World Tour 2012 — Jakarta!!

The English version is available here.

4… 3… 2… 1…

They said: Hello Jakarta!!!!
We all replied: Gyaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa!!!! (100x louder than them, hehehehe..)

Begitu L’Arc~en~Ciel (aka Laruku) naik panggung untuk pertama kalinya….
Reaksi pertamaku: nangis! (nah loh!) I’ve never ever dreamed that I’ll be able to watch them perform right before my eyes, LIVE!
Reaksi kedua: Gyaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa!!!!
Reaksi ketiga: jingkrak-jingkrak sambil nyanyi dan waving light stick di tangan kayak orang kesurupan (berarti, orang-orang se-Lapangan D malam itu kesurupan smua, hehehe… )

Thanks berat buat temenku dari kantor sebelah yang sudah “membujuk”-ku (baca: setengah memaksa) untuk nonton konser ini. Nda nyesel banget dah pokoknya. Perjuangan susah payah biar bisa beli tiket AirAsia tanpa perlu ngerepotin orang lain, juga lari-lari nyari kendaraan ke bandara, plus berdesakan antre berjam-jam pas mau masuk venue terbayar manis dengan performance mereka. Damn good!!! >,<

Yang paling bikin aku histeris adalah… INI: The Closest Distance Between Him and Me, Ever!!! (meski ada jarak 100m-an sih.. tapi gapapa ah.. :D)

Hyde, the closest distance ever!!!

Juga pas nyanyi lagu Chase, XXX, Ready Steady Go, Forbidden Lover, My Heart Draws a Dream, err.. apalagi yah.. f(O,o) semuanyaaaaaaa!!!!!! >,<

Anyway, ini konser gedhe pertamaku, dan aku puas banget. Meski cuma dapet tiket premium, meski ada beberapa komen yang bilang kalo rada mengecewakan karena lagu ini itu ga dinyanyiin, meski di 2 lagu terakhir pada ngrangsek maju, dan meski ada 1-2 lagu yang aku ga kenal (maklum, jadi Le Cieler baru sepuluh tahun), menurutku pribadi sih konsernya keren.. XD Worth it, harus tidur di bandara demi ngejar flight terpagi biar ga telat masuk kantor pun rela!

Bahkan sampai sekarang pun masih kebayang… Sakaw, pengen kembali ke atmosfer 2 Mei di Lapangan D Senayan kemarin, hehehe… XD

Btw, they said that they will be back (and as a respond of course we all screamed like crazy)
Ditunggu!! Next tour, berusaha biar bisa dapat tiket VIP!!! >,< Amen!

Categories: My Favorites, What I've Done | Tags: , , , | Leave a comment

Thank You :)

peeping thru the ‘firewall’ to say thanks.. 😉

My Dear Friends…
I’m so sorry for this late reply.. m(_ _)m

Maaf banget.. Aku belakangan ini jarang banget (malah ga pernah deh kayaknya) OL FB. Maklum, nda punya HP pinter yang bisa buat OL. Juga, kondisi modemku kayaknya sudah on its edge, udah seperti siput syuting baywatch–super duper sloooowww mooootiiioooonnnn (nda tau apanya yang bikin gitu, entah simcardnya, entah modemnya, entah leptopnya, ato malah usernya? O,o). apalagi sejak pindah kos ke downtown beberapa waktu lalu, aku jadi jauh sama fasilitas yang namanya net-cafe aka warnet (di sekitarku adanya cuma mall dan shopping center, hiks.. T^T). Padahal dulu pas masih di sekitaran kampus, aku ga pernah mikir pentingnya warnet (slain buat nebeng ngeprin). Ditambah lagi sejak FB di-ban di jaringan internet kabel kantor (hiks), dan those papers stacking sweetly n silently on my table yang kian hari kian numpuk, beneran membuat diriku makin terasing dari dunia cyber.

Aku tahu temen-temen nge-post di FB pun dari imel. Ada 1-2 yang tak reply via imel, tapi yang lainnya belon sempat. So, via blog ini I’d like to say thanks. A billion thanks for you guys.. 🙂 All your prayers for me may be returned to yourself. The same good prayers go for you all.. 🙂

Luv you all, pals! <3<3<3<3 *pandahug \(^3^)/

P.S.:
Satu lagi alasan ngga sempet reply: terlalu tenggelam dalam euforia persiapan n post-acara 2 Mei di Lapangan D Senayan kemaren, hehehehe… ^^;

Categories: A Casket of Greetings, My Favorites | Tags: | Leave a comment

Welcome Back, Mr. Hirata (^____^)

Finally… I’m back to this blog after disappearing for almost 1 year… Fyuh… *sigh*

Well.
Setelah sekian lama menyesalkan kepergian ‘Andrea yang saya kagumi’, akhirnya dia kembali. Kembali dengan karya barunya, tapi yang paling penting adalah kembali dengan style khas dia yang sangat kuat di Laskar Pelangi dan Sang Pemimpi, lalu sempat sedikit kedodoran di Edensor, dan beneran lenyap di Maryamah Karpov.

Di dwilogi terbarunya, Padang Bulan dan Cinta di Dalam Gelas, dia beneran sudah kembali. Dan saya kembali terpesona padanya. Yah, pokoknya, happily I say “welcome back”! 🙂

Seperti Laskar Pelangi dan Sang Pemimpi, Andrea lagi-lagi membuat saya miris, soalnya saya bisa ketawa dan menangis di saat yang bersamaan, dan bisa menertawakan ironi serta diri sendiri dengan cara yang asyik tapi benar-benar membuat tercekik, lalu merenung habis-habisan. Seperti di Mozaik nomor 2 Padang Bulan yang hanya 7 halaman–3 lembar lebih setengah. Di bagian awal, saya cekikikan, lalu tiba di bagian akhir mozaik ini mata saya sudah berkaca-kaca. Dan mungkin sudah nangis beneran andai saya tak sadar TPO (Time, Place, and Occassion–waktu itu saya lagi makan siang sendirian di sebuah tempat makan ber-icon lebah imut kuning-hitam di sebuah mall di dekat R.S. Bethesda. Gila saja mau nangis sendirian di situ. Baru duduk saja sudah dilihatin gara-gara rambut saya, eh, kok tahu-tahu nangis gara-gara buku. Apa kata dunia? *Oi, oi! Dunia? Siape elu, woy!*–Aah, tuh, dark side saya jadi marah…).

Anyway… Membicarakan Padang Bulan mau tak mau saya kembali me-recall memori saya tentang mozaik terakhir di Maryamah Karpov, sebab Padang Bulan lebih banyak bercerita tentang Ikal, A Ling, serta makhluk yang diibaratkan sebagai kapal Nabi Nuh yang karam di hati manusia: rasa cemburu. Plus latar belakang masa lalu Enong [siapa dia? baca saje lah, nanti juga tahu.. ;)].
Di Padang Bulan, seperti biasanya, mozaik-mozaik Andrea tidak berurutan, dari Ikal loncat ke Enong lalu kembali lagi ke A Ling. Tapi, seperti biasanya juga, itu punya titik temu. Titik temu yang membuat saya merinding karena titik temu itulah yang mengubah semuanya, yang membawa saya pada cerita tentang seorang perempuan perkasa. Selain titik temu itu, ada beberapa mozaik yang secara tersirat dan tersurat adalah merupakan kausa alias penyebab dari pernyataan ‘Tuhan tahu tapi menunggu’–yang akibatnya tertuang habis-habisan di Cinta di dalam Gelas.

Tapi, ada satu hal yang beneran tetap membuat saya merinding, meskipun hal ini tidak dibeberkan seintens di Laskar Pelangi ataupun Sang Pemimpi. Yup. Kisah tentang satu figur, yang belakangan ini saya sadari sebagai salah satu nyawa dari karya-karya Andrea: Ayah–baik ayahnya maupun ayah orang lain.

Iya, saya sadar. Saya memang paling lemah jika Andrea mulai menceritakan figur seorang ayah, entah itu Ayah-nya ataupun ayah orang lain (kalau di buku ini adalah ayah Enong). Tapi justru ini adalah salah satu hal yang membuat saya kagum padanya. Ada satu bagian yang tidak saya mengerti, tapi beneran membuat saya berpikir tentang figur yang disebut Ayah, Bapak, Babe, Abah, Dad, To-chan, Papa, atau apalah selusin sinonimnya. Berpikir bahwa mereka benar-benar sosok yang terhebat di dunia–mungkin sedikit banyak karena background saya kali ya? Tapi memang sejauh ini–dari semua buku ataupun novel yang pernah saya baca–baru Andrea yang bisa menggambarkan figur seorang ayah sebegitu rupa hingga benar-benar membuat saya tertohok.

Membaca Cinta di Dalam Gelas seperti membaca sebuah hasil penelitian mendalam tentang sosiologi dan psikologi. Iya. Andrea mendadak jadi seorang sosiolog dan psikolog.
Awalnya saya pikir bakal jadi agak ‘krik…’ gitu, tapi saya salah total. Justru di sinilah saya beneran terkecoh oleh Andrea. Dua kali terkecoh dengan pola yang sama, terjerumus pada tipe joke yang sama (padahal saya kan bukan keledai). Sial. Tapi memang gaya dia bercerita yang seperti itulah yang membuat saya sempat lengah. (Jadi, pesan moral nomor sekian: hati-hatilah jika kau membaca Cinta di Dalam Gelas, kawan. Jangan sampai kau terperosok dua kali.)

Tapi terlepas dari itu, di buku kedua inilah terkuak sudah misteri dari seseorang bernama Maryamah Karpov yang menghantui saya sejak buku keempat tetralogi LP muncul di pasaran. Tanpa tedeng aling-aling, sosok Maryamah Karpov ditelanjangi habis-habisan di sini. Dari hanya sekedar sosok ‘siapa ini orang, kok bisa jadi judul buku yang ngga nyambung blas?’ di pikiran saya, Maryamah berubah menjadi sesosok perempuan perkasa yang–jika R.A. Kartini melihatnya–R.A. Kartini pun akan bangga setengah mati padanya sekaligus terenyuh setengah hidup karenanya.
Iya, yang saya tahu sebelum membaca buku ini hanyalah bahwa Maryamah adalah pemain catur yang mengusung gaya Karpov (bahkan siapa Karpov itupun saya tak tahu), tapi setelah ‘Detektif Conan’ beraksi di Cinta di Dalam Gelas dan membeberkan temuannya, saya jadi tahu bahwa perjuangannya untuk mempertahankan hidup dan harga dirinya amat sangat gila. Dan siapa sangka ada sosok Ninochka di belakangnya? Fufufufu… Andrea memang mengejutkan.

Secara keseluruhan, Padang Bulan memang lebih dekat dengan tetralogi Laskar Pelangi, tapi Cinta di Dalam Gelas memberikan sesuatu yang berbeda. Jika dulu Andrea mencerdasi ironi-ironi pendidikan dan kemiskinan, di Cinta di Dalam Gelas dia lebih cerdas lagi, lebih pedas lagi, dan lebih membuat tawa saya pada humor satirnya terdengar sangat menyakitkan. Dia mencerdasi sosial, politik, pendidikan, gender, dan kemiskinan dengan cara yang tak terbayangkan. tajam, tapi juga menggelitik.

Tapi, memang begitulah Andrea. Pendek kata, dia gila. Orang gila yang sanggup membuat orang lain (and I’m one of those people) terpesona, jatuh cinta, lalu tergila-gila padanya (nah, kan? Saya sudah mulai kepengaruh gaya bahasa dia yang melambai-lambai lebay…).
Pendapat saya sih memang personal dan subyektif, soalnya saya memang penggemar Andrea di dua buku pertamanya. Jadi ya… jangan yakin sepenuhnya dengan ocehan di atas, soalnya–ya tadi itu–hal itu subyektif. Kesan dari sebuah buku ada pada pembacanya, kan? Fufufufu… ^_^; (makanya, baca sendiri saja ya, hehehhe…*bukan promosi kok, kan baca gag harus beli, wkwkwkwk..*)

Anyway… mengagumi orang berpenyakit gila macam Andrea itu… termasuk Penyakit Gila nomor berapa, yah?

Yah, whatever it is, pokokna mah, selamat datang kembali, Kawan!

Categories: Book Review | Leave a comment

“Deleted”: Are You Sure??!

I was about to login to my e-mail account when this article appeared, and made me turn my attention to it. Since I found it interesting, I copied it and put it here. Enjoy!
P.S.:
This article was written by Christopher Null. I copied it as he wrote.

It’s always fun to write about research that you can actually try out for yourself.
Try this: Take a photo and upload it to Facebook, then after a day or so, note what the URL to the picture is (the actual photo, not the page on which the photo resides), and then delete it. Come back a month later and see if the link works. Chances are: It will.

Facebook isn’t alone here. Researchers at Cambridge University (so you know this is legit, people!) have found that nearly half of the social networking sites don’t immediately delete pictures when a user requests they be removed. In general, photo-centric websites like Flickr were found to be better at quickly removing deleted photos upon request.

Why do “deleted” photos stick around so long? The problem relates to the way data is stored on large websites: While your personal computer only keeps one copy of a file, large-scale services like Facebook rely on what are called content delivery networks to manage data and distribution. It’s a complex system wherein data is copied to multiple intermediate devices, usually to speed up access to files when millions of people are trying to access the service simultaneously. (Yahoo! Tech is served by dozens of servers, for example.) But because changes aren’t reflected across the CDN immediately, ghost copies of files tend to linger for days or weeks.

In the case of Facebook, the company says data may hang around until the URL in question is reused, which is usually “after a short period of time.” Though obviously that time can vary considerably.

Of course, once a photo escapes from the walled garden of a social network like Facebook, the chances of deleting it permanently fall even further. Google’s caching system is remarkably efficient at archiving copies of web content, long after it’s removed from the web. Anyone who’s ever used Google Image Search can likely tell you a story about clicking on a thumbnail image, only to find that the image has been deleted from the website in question — yet the thumbnail remains on Google for months. And then there are services like the Wayback Machine, which copy entire websites for posterity, archiving data and pictures forever.

The lesson: Those drunken party photos you don’t want people to see? Simply don’t upload them to the web, ever, because trying to delete them after you sober up is a tough proposition.

Source:
Christopher Null
http://tech.yahoo.com/blogs/null/142366

Categories: My Favorites | Leave a comment

New Hope for New Life?

Scientists discover a nearly Earth-sized planet

An artist's impression of 'Planet e' , forground left, released ...
AP – An artist’s impression of ‘Planet e’ , forground left, released by the European Organisation for Astronomical …

HATFIELD, England – In the search for Earth-like planets, astronomers zeroed in Tuesday on two places that look awfully familiar to home. One is close to the right size. The other is in the right place. European researchers said they not only found the smallest exoplanet ever, called Gliese 581 e, but realized that a neighboring planet discovered earlier, Gliese 581 d, was in the prime habitable zone for potential life.

“The Holy Grail of current exoplanet research is the detection of a rocky, Earth-like planet in the ‘habitable zone,'” said Michel Mayor, an astrophysicist at Geneva University in Switzerland.

An American expert called the discovery of the tiny planet “extraordinary.”
Gliese 581 e is only 1.9 times the size of Earth — while previous planets found outside our solar system are closer to the size of massive Jupiter, which NASA says could swallow more than 1,000 Earths.

Gliese 581 e sits close to the nearest star, making it too hot to support life. Still, Mayor said its discovery in a solar system 20 1/2 light years away from Earth is a “good example that we are progressing in the detection of Earth-like planets.”

Scientists also discovered that the orbit of planet Gliese 581 d, which was found in 2007, was located within the “habitable zone” — a region around a sun-like star that would allow water to be liquid on the planet’s surface, Mayor said. He spoke at a news conference Tuesday at the University of Hertfordshire during the European Week of Astronomy and Space Science.

Gliese 581 d is probably too large to be made only of rocky material, fellow astronomer and team member Stephane Udry said, adding it was possible the planet had a “large and deep” ocean. “It is the first serious ‘water-world’ candidate,” Udry said.

Mayor’s main planet-hunting competitor, Geoff Marcy of the University of California, Berkeley, praised the find of Gliese 581 e as “the most exciting discovery” so far of exoplanets — planets outside our solar system. “This discovery is absolutely extraordinary,” Marcy told The Associated Press by e-mail, calling the discoveries a significant step in the search for Earth-like planets.

While Gliese 581 e is too hot for life “it shows that nature makes such small planets, probably in large numbers,” Marcy commented. “Surely the galaxy contains tens of billions of planets like the small, Earth-mass one announced here.”

Nearly 350 planets have been found outside our solar system, but so far nearly every one of them was found to be extremely unlikely to harbor life. Most were too close or too far from their sun, making them too hot or too cold for life. Others were too big and likely to be uninhabitable gas giants like Jupiter. Those that are too small are highly difficult to detect in the first place. Both Gliese 581 d and Gliese 581 e are located in constellation Libra and orbit around Gliese 581.

Like other planets circling that star — scientists have discovered four so far — Gliese 581 e was found using the European Southern Observatory’s telescope in La Silla, Chile.

The telescope has a special instrument which splits light to find wobbles in different wavelengths. Those wobbles can reveal the existence of other worlds. “It is great work and shows the potential of this detection method,” said Lisa Kaltenegger, an astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

___

Associated Press Science Writer Seth Borenstein contributed to this report from Washington.

By JENNIFER QUINN,
Associated Press Writer Jennifer Quinn,
Associated Press Writer – Tue Apr 21, 6:17 pm ET
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090421/ap_on_sc/eu_britain_new_planet

Categories: My Favorites | Leave a comment

47-million-year-old human link revealed

NEW YORK (AFP) – Scientists in New York unveiled Tuesday the skeleton of what they said could be the common ancestor to humans, apes and other primates. The tiny creature, officially known as Darwinius masillae, but dubbed Ida, lived 47 million years ago and is unusually well preserved, missing only part of a leg, or five percent of the skeleton.

The finding, described Tuesday in the PloS ONE scientific journal, was displayed at a press conference at New York’s Natural History Museum, and is due to be the subject of a documentary on the History Channel, BBC and other broadcasters.

Organizers said that scientists led by Norway’s fossil expert, professor Jorn Hurum, worked for two years on Ida, first discovered in 1983 by private collectors who failed to understand her importance — and split the bones into two lots. The monkey-like creature was preserved through the ages in Germany’s Messel Pit, a crater rich in Eocene Epoch fossils.

Although bearing a long tail, she had several human characteristics, including an opposable thumb, short arms and legs, and forward facing eyes. She also lacked two key elements of modern lemurs: a grooming claw and a row of lower teeth known as the toothcomb. “This is the first link to all humans — truly a fossil that links world heritage,” Hurum said in a statement.

David Attenborough, the renowned British naturalist and broadcaster, said the “little creature is going to show us our connection with all the rest of the mammals.” “The link they would have said until now is missing… it is no longer missing,” he said.

Ida gives a glimpse into a time when the world was just taking its present shape. Dinosaurs were extinct, the Himalayas were forming and a huge range of mammals thrived in vast jungles. According to the international team, Ida had suffered a badly broken wrist and that this might have been her undoing. The theory is that while drinking from the Messel lake she was overcome by carbon dioxide fumes and fell in. “Ida slipped into unconsciousness, was washed into the lake, and sunk to the bottom, where the unique conditions preserved her for 47 million years,” a statement said. Her last meal shows she was a herbivore. Gut contents revealed remains of fruits, seeds and leaves. “This fossil is so complete. Everything’s there. It’s unheard of in the primate record at all. You have to get to human burial to see something that’s this complete,” Hurum said.

The press conference was unusually strongly hyped for a scientific event and the announcement was tied into a media campaign including the release of the documentary.

Source:
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20090519/sc_afp/usgermanynorwayarcheologysciencelead

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The Secret of Komodo’s Bite

SYDNEY (AFP) – The world’s largest lizard, the Komodo dragon, has a snake-like venom in its bite which sends victims into shock and stops their blood from clotting, according to Australian research. It had been widely believed that deadly bacteria in the carnivorous lizard’s mouth helped kill its prey. But magnetic resonance imagery has for the first time uncovered venom glands containing a shock-inducing poison which increases blood flow and decreases blood pressure, scientists say. Lead researcher Bryan Fry said three-dimensional computer imaging comparing the Komodo’s bite with that of Australia’s saltwater crocodile showed it used a “grip and rip” pulling manoeuvre to tear deep wounds, similar to a shark or sabre cat.

Fry surgically removed a venom gland from a terminally ill Komodo at Singapore Zoo for the study, and said it contained a highly toxic poison which would induce potent stomach cramps, hypothermia and a drop in blood pressure. The venom also blocked the blood’s clotting ability, he said. “Such a fall in blood pressure would be debilitating in conjunction with blood loss and would render the envenomed prey unable to escape,” he said. “These results are congruent with the observed unusual quietness and apparent rapid shock of prey items.”

Komodos are the world’s heaviest lizard, typically weighing 70 kilograms (150 pounds) and growing up to three metres (10 feet) in length. They are native to several Indonesian islands and are considered a vulnerable species, with only a few thousand left in the world. They live on a diet of large mammals, reptiles and birds but have been known to attack humans. An Indonesian fisherman was in March mauled to death by a Komodo dragon after he ventured into a remote island sanctuary for the giant killer lizards.

Source:
http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20090519/sc_afp/scienceanimalkomodoaustralia_20090519073836

Categories: My Favorites | Leave a comment

Election, eh?

Phew… 2 days before the D-day, campaign attributes are all taken from public areas. It makes me happy, at least I don’t have to see hundreds posters or banners of unidentified (read: alien / unknown) DPR (the House of Representatives) candidates telling promises [or, I believe, lies]

Well, actually I feel a bit sceptic about election. Um… on 30 March 2009, I watched a news program on TV and at least 7 “unfortunate events” were broadcasted. They were:

1. Party X destroyed the attributes of party Y without any permission, because that party (X) would use the nearby area for their campaign.
2. The national campaign spokeperson of a party arrived late. Three hours lateness, finally massa decided to leave the area before his arrival. [Good choice, I think :P]
3. Two candidates of a party were sentenced to a 6-month in prison because they had a campaign in a mosque on January 2009.
4. A candidate wa scaught on tape performing a bit “wild” dance with dangdut singer invited to the campaign.
5. A party gave away Rp.10,000 each for its supporters. Meanwhile, at another place and time, a party was also caught on tape giving away a cellphone each for its supporters. When they were confirmed, both parties insisted that it wasn’t money politics. [Hmm… But we DID see it…]
6. Another way of campaign. A party held a competition of eating cakes and something else like a festival of independence day we usually have here. They promised to give TV for the winner but in fact the prizes were different from what they had promised. Most of the participants felt disappointed and cancelled joining the game. When they were confirmed, simply they said, “We were disapponted. We don’t know what will happen if the candidate of this party becomes the member of DPR, since in this small event they already betrayed us…”
7. The Commission of the Election (KPU) smelled something fishy. In an area, some Elementary Students were listed as voters. Some other areas had several deceased persons listed. On the other hand, some ballots couldn’t be used since they already had check mark…

Hoh! All of those facts really makes me tired of election. Moreover, I read a polling on a newspaper yesterday (6 April 2009) and the answers of the 19 questions given about the work of DPR-RI from 2004-2009 were “not satisfactory” [click here to read the result–in Bahasa Indonesia]. Aaaaargh! Why is politics soooo… complicated?

Anyway, I’m thinking about sumthin else too. About the ballots.
The ballots contain the name of all the DPR candidates. Oh, it can take [at least] 50cm in length and 50cm in height (Umm… it is around 0.25 square meter, eh?). As far as I know, there will be around 2 or 3 ballots given to each voters (since we have to vote for the members of National House of Representative [DPR-RI] and 2 Regional DPR aka DPRD [Not sure about the number, though.. am I right? *questioning stare*]
OK. Lets say there are two ballots per voters, it means 0,5 square meter of paper is used. Now, how many eligible voters are there? Millions! Hah.. how many square meters of paper will be used? [not counting the not-usable ballots] I think it will take 500,000 square meter of paper per a million voters. If there are 12 millions, just multiply it by 12. Now, how many trees should be cut? How many degrees of the temperature of this globe will rise?
Perhaps, I’m a bit hyperbolic, but I think it’s logical enough…

Anyway, back to the first topic. I am, seeing those series of “unfortunate events” and the unsatisfactory work of DPR, more convinced to be a golput [Golongan Putih aka Abstain]. Furthermore, I am not sure whether the new members of DPR could make it better.. [regarding the mentality and morality of Indonesian people.. T_T]

Well, what do you think? Should I be one? *thinking…*

Categories: Magic Mirror, What I've Done | Leave a comment

Hidden Face Under Nefertiti Bust?!

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A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning : A Critical Appreciation

N.A. Angayomi
English Dept. UGM
Final Project of Practical Criticism Class
January 2009

 

 Analysis

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning was written in 1611 when John Donne leaves his wife for an expedition (Jacobus and Moynihan, 1974: 220). A ‘valediction’ means a parting, leave-taking, and saying goodbye. The poem consists of nine stanzas, four lines each, in the first person point of view. The rhyme scheme of each stanza is the same, i.e. ABAB.

Generally, the poem is divided into two parts. The first part consists of stanza I to stanza IV and functions as an introduction to the following part. The second one consists of the rest. Here, the poet describes the subject matter of the poem, i.e. focusing on the love between himself and his lover related to his leaving. The following explanations are the analyses of each stanza.

 

Stanza I:      As virtuous men pass mildly away
And whisper to their souls to go
               While some of their sad friends do say
The breath goes now, and some say, no
 

This stanza has a visual imagery of the dying of virtuous men. If virtuous men die, they will die so smoothly and painlessly that their relatives almost did not realize his leaving and wondered whether he has gone or not yet.

Here, the idea of death is associated with peaceful acceptance and mild sadness. From this description, it is likely that the speaker wants to compare his love toward his lover is so true that when he dies or leaves the separation will be less painful. The description is emphasized in the next stanzas.

Stanza II:    So let us melt, and make no noise
                 No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move
                  T’were profanation of our joys
                  To tell the laity our love
 

With audial imagery, the speaker wants his lover not to cry and forbids her to make a big fuss upon his leaving because the speaker assumes that showing off the depth of their love is a betrayal to the joys they spent together.

From the description, it seems that the speaker wants his lover to be resilient when he leaves. He also wants her not to exaggerate her sorrow because the over-showed expression of sorrow only shows that her love is not deep. Since he forbids his lover not to exaggerate her sorrow, it is very likely that he wants to say that their love is extraordinary.

 
Stanza III:    Moving of th’earth brings harms and fears
               Men reckon what it did and meant
               But trepidation of the spheres
               Though greater far, is innocent
 

The stanza describes that the moving of earth brings harms and fears to human being. However, the movement of the spheres (of the Ptolemaic universe conception1) is innocent or pure.

It seems safe to assume that the speaker wants to say that the greater their love is, the less pain they show when parting. It is analogized with the earth and the universe. If something happens on earth, people will feel it; but if there are two planets colliding in the universe, people will not feel the great impact of it. And so is love. The greater the love, the deeper it touches people, the lesser pain showed when parting because the love is more complex and perfect.

However, the phrase “trepidation of the spheres” can be related to the Ptolemaic theory of universe. Allen claims:

The Ptolemaic theory envisions the universe as a series of concentric spheres … which move around the earth, and as they rub against each other they produce the music of the spheres, which … represents the perfection of God’s creation. Our problem is that as fallen humans, we have lost our ability to perceive the music of the spheres. Indeed, as a result of the fall of man, everything beneath the sphere of the moon is imperfect.  (Allen, “Ptolemaic Universe”)

Thus, it seems that the speaker wants to say that their love is like the celestial beings outside the moon’s sphere-it means that their love is so pure, perfect, and heavenly. Therefore, parting is not a problem for them.

Stanza IV:   Dull sublunary lovers love
                 (Whose soul is sense) cannot admit
                 Absence, because it doth remove
                 Those things which elemented it

The love of human beings on earth is dull and cannot admit absence because it removes those things which become the elements of the love. The word “sublunary” refers to earth because, according to Ptolemaic Universe, earth is located in the center, followed by Mercury, Venus, the Moon, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Fixed Stars, and the Primum Mobile (Allen, “Ptolemaic Universe”). Related to this, it is generally believed that nothing beneath the moon is pure.

Here, the speaker wants to explain the ordinary love of human being in general. People love only for physical reason, and this love cannot admit separation-if they separate, the factors that bring them together will disappear.

Stanza V: But we by a love, so much refin’d
                 That ourselves know not what it is,
                 Inter-assured of the mind
                 Care less, eyes, lips, and hands to miss

The love between the speaker and his lover is so much refined until they do not know what it is, and this love does not care about eyes, lips, and hands (physical).

Here, the speaker compares the love between him and his lover to the ordinary love on the previous stanza. In this stanza (stanza V), he wants to convey that their love is pure and above the ordinary love. Their love does not mind physical contact because it is not a big matter in their love. Their love is more to spiritual love that needs no physical closeness to keep it growing.

Stanza VI:  Our two souls therefore, which are one,
                Though I must go, endure not yet
                A breach, but an expansion
                Like gold to airy thinness beat

 The soul of the speaker and his lover are actually one. Although the speaker has to go, it is not a break but an expansion, like gold beaten into airy thinness.

This stanza, especially lines one and two, shows that-actually-the soul of the speaker and his lover are bound to be one, so it cannot be separated. However, such as described in lines three and four, if they are separated, it is not a real separation that can break their love, but it is actually a means to develop and mature their love that is like gold: pure and unbeatable.

Stanza VII:   If they be two, they are two so
                  As stiff twin compasses are two
                  Thy soul the fixed foot, makes no show
                  To move, but doth, if th’ other do

The comparison between compass and the soul of the speaker is the central idea here. If the soul of the speaker and his love are two, they are like compass. His lover is compared as the stiff foot, while he himself is the moving one.

It is likely that the speaker wants to say that his lover is the main support and encouragement for himself, just like the stiff foot of a compass which supports the moving foot.

Stanza VIII: And though it in the center sit,
                 Yet when the other far doth roam,
                 It leans, and hearkens after it
                 And grows erect, as that comes home.

It is a description of a compass. Although the stiff foot stands in the center, if the other foot roams further, the stiff foot will lean. This stiff foot will stand again if the moving foot ‘returns’.

This stanza is the continuing part of stanza VII. In this stanza, the speaker wants to emphasize his previous idea that his lover is his supporter who will always welcome him and support him no matter what (as the leaning foot of a compass that supports the other foot when it roams).

Stanza IX:  Such will thou be to me, who must
                Like th’other foot, obliquely run;
                Thy firmness makes my circle just,
                And makes me end, where I begun.

The stanza describes the meaning of the lover to the speaker. While the speaker is like the other foot that moves, the firmness of his lover makes the speaker’s circle just and perfect and makes him end where he begun.

In this stanza, the speaker says that he compares his lover as the stiff foot while he himself is the moving one. It is clear that the speaker wants to say the real meaning of his lover to him. He wants to say that his lover is his everything; she is the one who makes his love and life perfect; and she is his sanctuary. The “circle” here is the representative of the speaker’s pure and perfect love that is like gold since “circle is a symbol of perfection and gold” (Allen, “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”).

Conclusion

After analyzing each stanza, it seems safe to assume that this poem concerns on the meaning of real love and separation-not death (it is likely that death in the first stanza is an analogy of a parting). From stanza I to V, Donne explains a Platonic love. According to Connor, Platonic love means “a love between individuals which transcends sexual desire and attains spiritual heights” (Connor, “Metaphysical Poetry”). It is a love that is above physical love, simple, everlasting, and pure. This idea is proven especially in stanza V in which Donne says “but we by a love so much refin’d that … care less, eyes, lips, and hands to miss.”

Then, since their love is Platonic, separation, the main theme of this poem, is not a problem for them-as stated in stanza VI “though I must go, endure not yet a breach, but an expansion.” It is likely that Donne believes their love is unconditional and unaffected by distance. He does not emphasize that closeness can maintain love because sometimes stay close does not always mean that the heart are also close.

Donne also emphasizes the meaning of his wife in stanza VII to IX. It seems that Donne’s admiration to his wife is so pure. Here, in those stanzas, a description of the position of a woman as a supporter to his husband while they are separated is clearly made by the description of the leaning position of the stiff foot of a compass while the moving foot roaming and its stand position when the other foot comes back. It is like a wife who follows the motion of his husband and then receives him home.

Thus, from those analyses, it is important to emphasize that A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning is a poem that gives the description of an unconditional love. It is a love that is so fine that do not care about physical contact and separation. Although the couple was separated, they will be fine and their love will not fade.

 
3. References

Paper based sources

Abrams, M.H. 1976. The Mirror and The Lamp: Romantic Theory and The Critical Tradition. United States of America: Oxford University Press.

Bennet, Joan. 1957. Four Metaphysical Poets. London: Cambridge University Press.

Gardner, Helen. ed. 1961. The Metaphysical Poets. Middlesex: Penguin Books Ltd.

Grierson, Herbert J.C. 1958. Metaphysical Lyrics and Poems of the Seventeenth Century. London: Oxford University Press.

Griffith, Kelley, Jr. 1986. Writing Essays about Literature: A Guide and Style Sheet. Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. 

Holman, Clarence Hugh. 1981. A Handbok to Literature. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merril Education Publishing.

Jacobus, Lee A. and William T. Moynihan. 1974. Poems in Context. United States of America: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

 

Internet sources

Allen,  Rosemary. “A Valediction:  Forbidding  Mourning.” Georgetown  College  Online. Accessed: 10 January 2009. <http://www.spider.georgetowncollege.edu/english/allen/donne4.htm>

Allen, Rosemary. “Ptolemaic Universe”. Georgetown College Online. Accessed: 10 January 2009. <http://www.spider.georgetowncollege.edu/english/allen/ptolemaic.htm>

Connor, Marguerite, Dr. “Metaphysical Poetry.” Fu Jen University Taiwan Online. Accessed: 10 January 2009. <http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/English_Literature/metaphysicals.html>

 

 

1    Ptolemaic Universe was the idea of the universe that was current throughout the Middle Ages and into the early renaissance. It was advocated by Aristotle and was refined by Ptolemy. The concept was based on a geocentric model: the belief that the earth was at the center of the universe. The earth was surrounded by a series of nine concentric spheres, each of which was associated with celestial motions (Allen, “The Ptolemaic Universe”).
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